ON THE 2030 AGENDA AND SDGs (SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS)
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted in September 2015, is a comprehensive plan of action for the world in a 2030 perspective, established by UN via negotiations amongst its member states. The adoption of the 2030 Agenda is an unprecedented event in the history of mankind. All 193 UN member states committed themselves to working for the realisation of 17 Sustainable Development Goals – SDGs. The Goals are focused on ensuring decent lives, peace and economic progress for all people in the world while taking care of the natural environment and combating climate change.
The 2030 Agenda is focused on five areas of critical importance for humanity and the planet (so-called 5Ps):
People are at the centre of the 2030 Agenda. Eradication of poverty and hunger amongst them, fulfilment of their individual potential in dignity and equality as well as life in healthy environment are major challenges and prerequisites of sustainable development.
Planet should serve the needs of present and future generations. The rational use of natural resources, sustainable consumption and production, inclusive economic growth as well as climate action will help protect the planet from degradation and ensure intra- and intergenerational solidarity.
Prosperity should be provided to everyone through common improvement of life quality. Universal access to quality education, medical service as well as infrastructure in connection with environment-friendly economic and technological progress will enable the enjoyment of prosperous and fulfilling life.
Peace remains on guard of the 2030 Agenda realisation. The achievement of the Goals is possible only in societies free from violence and fear, based on tolerance and inclusion.
Partnership entails the necessity of mobilization of many environments. Global cooperation among all the countries, co-action of the government, business and civil society, in the spirit of solidarity with the poorest and most vulnerable, will enable the realisation of the ambitious vision of the 2030 Agenda.
Sustainable development in EU and OECD
EU’s engagement with sustainable development
The course of action for sustainable development in EU was outlined for the first time in the EU Sustainable Development Strategy (EU SDS), adopted in 2001 and revised in 2006. The EU SDS goals were monitored by a relevant set of sustainable development indicators (SDIs).
Joining the global initiative of the 2030 Agenda, the European Commission issued the communication ‘Next steps for a sustainable European future’ in 2016. The document declared integration of SDGs in EU policy framework and regular reporting of the progress in SDGs implementation. Taking into account that EU development priorities were determined in i.a. Europe 2020 Strategy, 10 Priorities of the European Commission and Circular Economy Package, a special set of 100 indicators was adopted for monitoring the Sustainable Development Goals, different from the UN set of SDG indicators and consistent with challenges faced by EU member states. The set fully relies on the statistical resources of the European Statistical System.
OECD’s engagement with sustainable development
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development also takes an active part in the sustainable development initiatives, including the 2030 Agenda realisation. OECD supports its member states in SDGs implementation through i.a. assistance with domestic resource mobilisation as well as policy review and its adjustment to specific Goals. Among the most important OECD’s initiatives are Better Life Initiative as well as Green growth and Sustainable development, both adopted in 2011.
Better Life Initiative – OECD’s project promoting better policies in line with the phrase ‘Better policies for better lives.’ The initiative engages the political world into actions aimed at fostering well-being, and enhances social engagement. Development of Better Life Index, enabling a comprehensive view of societal well-being issue, was part of the project. Results of the latest research on life quality are presented in successive editions of the thematic publication How’s life? Measuring Well-being.
Green growth and Sustainable development – actions towards policy enhancement for economic growth, while preserving natural environment assets and developing environment-friendly infrastructure. OECD’s activity in the area of green growth is based on the Green Growth Strategy, adopted in 2011. Progress made by individual countries in implementing economic and environmental priorities, outlined in the Strategy, is presented in the successive editions of the publication Towards Green Growth? Tracking Progress.
OFFICIAL STATISTICS FOR SDGs
The task of official statistics, indicated in the 2030 Agenda, is to monitor progress in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. The monitoring is carried out on the three following levels:
• global – this level is coordinated by The United Nations Statistical Commission;
• world regions – the responsibility for them lies with the UN regional commissions (as for Poland, it is the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe – UNECE);
• national – national statistical offices are accountable for this level (in Poland, it is Statistics Poland – GUS).
In order to assess progress on the global and regional level, a set of so-called global (SDG indicators). is used. Indicator values for the whole world and its regions are calculated by international organizations, mainly on the basis of official statistical data obtained from individual countries. On the national level, instead of global indicators, countries can use their own sets of indicators for monitoring areas and issues of greatest relevance to them. This approach has been adopted in Poland (see – – the indicator set monitoring national priorities).
Progress made on the global and regional scale is presented in annual UN reports. In addition to that, a global database. is available for users searching for detailed information on the world, regions and individual countries. Actions undertaken by individual countries are monitored within (Voluntary National Reviews – VNR), conducted every year in July at the UN High-Level Political Forum in New York. In 2018, Poland conducted its first national review. As an institution responsible for indicator framework and provision of necessary statistical information, Statistics Poland took part in preparing a report on Poland’s progress.
Monitoring progress in the realisation of the 2030 Agenda is a great challenge for official statistics. It requires coordination of many institutions’ activities and cooperation between the international and national level. So as to support statistical institutions in the UNECE region, the Steering Group on Statistics for Sustainable Development Goals was established. Since 2018, the Group has been co-chaired by Poland (GUS). One of the Group’s greatest achievements is preparation of (Road Map on statistics for Sustainable Development Goals), which facilitates organization of the 2030 Agenda monitoring.
A picture of Poland. Statistics for SDGs
In 2015, Poland became one of 193 countries that signed the UN Resolution on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. In July 2018, Poland is presenting for the first time its advancement towards reaching the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) under Voluntary National Review (VNR) at the UN High Level Political Forum. On this occasion, Statistics Poland, as the coordinator of the SDGs monitoring process in Poland, has prepared the publication A picture of Poland. Statistics for SDGs, , which aims to introduce foreign readers to a picture of our country and the role that Poland has to fulfill in achieving the Goals of the 2030 Agenda.
The information set out in the publication was inspired by the development priorities for the country, indicated in the document Implementation of Sustainable Development Goals in Poland. Report 2018, prepared for this year's VNR by the Ministry of Entrepreneurship and Technology. Publication, as it is addressed mainly to foreign recipients, is available only in the English version.
Implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals in Poland. The 2018 National Report.
The report was compiled by the Ministry of Entrepreneurship and Technology (coordinator of the implementation process of the 2030 Agenda in Poland) for the review of realisation of the Sustainable Development Goals in Poland. The publication indicates Poland’s experiences so far, national development priorities and national approach to the realisation of individual SDGs. The report is supplemented with a statistical annex, containing a list of national indicators indispensable for assessing the results of actions undertaken for the realisation of each SDG.
Voluntary national reviews are conducted every year in New York by the UN High-Level Political Forum. In 2018,
Poland presented its achievements at HLPF for the first time.
On the sustainable development’s path
Publication has been prepared on the occasion of setting the sustainable development goals by UN, included in the 2030 Agenda. It is addressed to everyone who wants to learn and understand what an idea of sustainable development is about and what connects it with statistics.
Publication is available only in the Polish version.
The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2018
The report reviews progress in the third year of implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. This overview presents highlights of progress and remaining gaps for all 17 Sustainable Development Goals, based on the latest available data, and examines some of the interconnections across Goals and targets.
Sustainable development in the European Union — Monitoring report on progress towards the SDGs in an EU context
The publication, issued in 2017 by Eurostat, is a monitoring report on the progress towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals in an EU context. This report describes progress made using a set of 100 indicators that are structured along the 17 SDGs. Two periods are considered: the short term, accounting for progress over the past five years, and the long term, looking at the trends over the last 15 years.
Sustainable development in the European Union – Overview of progress towards the SDGs in an EU context
The brochure is a concise version of Eurostat’s publication on the realisation of SDGs in the European Union: Sustainable development in the European Union — Monitoring report on progress towards the SDGs in an EU context. Progress made in the implementation of the 2030 Agenda in EU is assessed over the past five years on the basis of EU SDG indicator set, and presented in a graphic form. More detailed analysis of the 2030 Agenda realisation in EU is available in the full Eurostat SDG publication.
Sustainable development in the European Union — A statistical glance from the viewpoint of the UN Sustainable Development Goals
This publication builds on Eurostat’s long experience in monitoring the EU Sustainable Development Strategy. It provides a statistical glance at the current situation in the EU and its Member States, but now from the viewpoint of the SDGs. The publication is based on a limited number of indicators which are relevant for the EU and aims to capture the broader ambition of each SDG. In total, 51 indicators are presented, mainly produced and disseminated by Eurostat. For each indicator the publication presents data for the most recent available year for the EU-28 and the EU Member States and trends (in general from 2000) for the EU-28.
Towards Green Growth? Tracking Progress
The Green Growth Strategy adopted in 2011 by OECD provides guidance on how to achieve economic growth and development, while preventing costly environmental damage and inefficient resource use. The report Towards Green Growth? Tracking Progress attempts to evaluate progress that countries have made since the adoption of the Strategy in aligning economic and environmental priorities.
How’s Life? 2015. Measuring Well-being
The publication How's Life? describes the key elements that shape people’s well-being in OECD and partner countries. It includes a wide variety of statistics, capturing both material well-being (such as income, jobs, housing), as well as other aspects of quality of people’s life (such as health, education, work-life balance, environment). The report, in addition to the results of the latest research, also shows the changes that have occurred over time and how the distribution of well-being among different groups of the population has changed.